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End-of-train detectors

End-of-train detectors belong to necessary basic technology of train protection. This installation recognizes the beginning and the end of trains crossing. Therefore, this is a system of point by point detection of trains. On the one hand these detectors enable that several trains can run safely on the same track. Furthermore, these detectors fulfil other important functions which we will explain in this chapter as well.

End-of-train detectors are the limit of a track section. If a train passes this detector by its head, then the following track section becomes “occupied”. When the following track section is likewise the beginning of the next block, then the signal gets the signal aspect “halt”. If the end of train finally passes the detector, then the last track section gets the status “not assigned”.   

Main signal and presignal

The main signal and the appropriate presignal characterize the setting of railway. But both of them do not have good prospects, because more and more cab signals substitute the trackside signals, so that these get obsolete. Nevertheless, the appreciation for the alternative signal system for railway is relevant for future. Main signals reveal state of the following block.

In other words, they predicate if the referred block is occupied, reserved or in its basic state. The presignal is an additional support in case of middle and high trackside velocities or in case of restricted of view distance. They enable a timely information about the state of the referred block by reproducing the same content as the main signal.